-Disruption of sleep/wake cycle usually consisting of increased
late in the evening and lowest energy level in the morning
irregardless of amount or quality of sleep.
-Central sleep apnea
-Need to sleep 12-14 hours in order to complete simple activities of
-Anoxic or convulsive seizures that are not epileptic.
-Frequent need to urinate at night.
-Upon standing feels head is "heavy". This resolves with lying down
with walking around.
-Decrease in (or absence of) lubricating tears in the eye.
-Sensitivity to bright, florescent light and bright sunlight. Many patients
report feeling pre-syncopal in large grocery stores and
department stores that use excessive florescent lighting. Flashing
lights and multi-colored lighting can also produce symptoms.
-Visual distortion: Television screens and computer screens can
distorted, especially post-syncopal or pre-syncopal episode.
Flat screens are recommended.
-Distorted depth perception resulting in a feeling of unsteadiness.
appears to be "clumsy" or excessively cautious when climbing
stairs, reaching for an object, etc.
-Other visual disturbances include a graying out or blacking out of
visual field; either partially or completely.
-Decreased awareness of what is in the peripheral visual field. This
causes the patient to startle because they did not perceive
anyone or anything next to them.
-Frequent "bumping into things". Attributed to a combination of
and depth perception deficits.
-Noise sensitivity. Loud or beating sounds can cause pre-syncopal
Difficulty filtering out sounds. Easily distracted by
-Sensitivity to odors, even pleasant smelling chemicals such as
Odors such as cleaning products, gasoline, strong foods,
etc. may cause extreme nausea, retching, vomiting, dizziness
Decrease production of saliva or excessive production of saliva.
-Severe constipation and decreased gut motility.
-Weight gain irregardless of diet modifications.
-Overall slowing of metabolism is common. -Increased metabolism (rare)
-Excessive gut motility leading to chronic diarrhea and weight loss.
-Sensitivity to touch. Mild pat on the arm or squeeze of the hand can
excruciating pain especially right after an episode or if the
patient has not had enough sleep.
-Decrease sensitivity to pain/touch in certain areas. If standing or
too long causes hands and feet to turn cold and blue, patient
will have decreased sensation in these areas due to poor
-Taste and appetite changes. Fruits and other acidic foods may taste
acidic. Foods may taste differently if patient is tired,
stressed, or post-syncopal episode.
-Hair loss due to decreased blood supply to hair folicles.
-Speech disturbances: Inability to finish an expressed thought, loss
train of thought, "spoonerisms", especially if up and about for 2
hours or more without lying flat and resting.
-Comprehension difficulties. Inability to follow a conversation. May
words but is unable to understand their context in the sentence.
Cannot focus on more than one activity at a time. May
they are being addressed. Losses conversation focus when topic is
changed. Is easily distracted from the
conversation focus by any
-Memory recall deficits in long and short term memory. Improves with
down and resting.
-Abdominal migraines. Severe stomach pain triggered by large meal or
sitting or standing too long. Usually resolves if patient lies
-Drifting to the right or left when walking. Most commonly patients
drifting to the left. Many patients report always fainting to
the left as well. Appears to be unrelated to hand-dominance,
further research is needed.
-Tend to have mild symptoms of Ehlers-Danlos, but do not necessarily
positive for the disease. This includes hypermobile joints,
double joints, and soft, velvet-like skin that has little
-Often has another auto-immune disorder.
-Family History of auto-immune disorder or symptoms that resemble
-Appears to have more viral illnesses than general population. Often
with Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome.
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